Migration accounts vary among tribes (iwi), whose members may identify with several waka in their genealogies (whakapapa).
In the last few decades mitochondrial DNA research has allowed an estimate to be made of the number of women in the founding population—between 50 and 100.
In addition, more than 140,000 Māori live in Australia.
The Māori language (known as te reo Māori) is still spoken to some extent by about a fifth of all Māori, representing 3% of the total population.
It is now known as Te Puni Kōkiri, or the Ministry for Māori Development.
In 1947, the authorities determined that a man who was five-eighths Māori had improperly voted in the general parliamentary electorate of Raglan.
The Maori Affairs Amendment Act 1974 changed the definition, allowing individuals to self-identify as to their cultural identity.
are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.
Māori originated with settlers from eastern Polynesia, who arrived in New Zealand in several waves of canoe voyages some time between 12.
Previous dating of some kiore (Polynesian rat) bones at 50–150 CE has now been shown to have been unreliable; new samples of bone (and now also of unequivocally rat-gnawed woody seed cases) match the 1280 date of the earliest archaeological sites and the beginning of sustained deforestation by humans.