Under Notice 2007-55, discussed below, the IRS stated in part that it would challenge any assertion by a taxpayer that Code Sec. However, for the reasons set forth below, many tax professionals believe that Notice 2007-55 incorrectly interprets Code Sec.
897(h)(1) suggests an intent to treat liquidating distributions from DCRs as exempt from U. 897(h)(1) suggests that Congress viewed capital gain dividends, rather than liquidating distributions, as the tax base for Code Sec. The Congressional Report accompanying the original FIRPTA legislation states that, under Code Sec. The rule does not, however, permit any liquidating distributions to be treated as “capital gain dividends.” This complies with the general treatment of liquidating distributions under Subchapter C of the Code as an amount paid by a liquidating corporation to its shareholders in exchange for their stock rather than a dividend.Because the income of S corporations is taxed to the owners when the income is earned, a mechanism is needed to ensure that the shareholder is not taxed again when the earnings are distributed.This is done through a system of rules that track and adjust the shareholder’s stock basis. The legislative history behind FIRPTA and the 2003 amendment to the language of Code Sec. In particular, the legislative history of Code Sec. shareholder “would be treated as gain on the sale of U. real property to the extent of the shareholders’ pro rata share of the net capital gain of the REIT.” Such language is instructive, as “net capital gain” in the context of the REIT rules under the Code and Treasury Regulations is used in reference to capital gain dividends rather than liquidating distributions. 857(b)(3)(C), a REIT is permitted to designate as “capital gain dividends” its regular dividends, up to the amount of its “net capital gain” for the year. person (including a foreign corporation) is generally subject to the Foreign Investment in Real Property Tax Act of 1980 (“FIRPTA”). 897(h)(1) or being exempt from taxation under Code Sec. Such regulations, if issued, would apply to distributions occurring on or after June 13, 2007.In interpreting the language of a statute, “[a] basic rule of statutory construction is that a statute should not be read to create an internal inconsistency.” Although Code Sec. A similar conclusion can be drawn from the language of Treas. The treasury regulation states that the amount subject to withholding is the amount which the REIT has designated as a “capital gain dividend.” The treasury regulation makes no reference to withholding on any amounts from a liquidating distribution, nor do the preambles to the temporary or final regulations make any reference to distributions outside of those designated as “capital gain dividends.” Therefore, “the measure of withholding (and, by inference, the measure of the foreign shareholder’s substantive tax liability) adopted by Treas. 897(h)(1) is applied to liquidating distributions from DCRs to non-U. shareholders, such shareholders could avoid the tax by selling their shares to a domestic buyer prior to the liquidation free of FIRPTA tax under Code Sec. Conversely, if such a DCR were to sell its underlying property to the buyer and then distribute the sales proceeds to a non-U. shareholder in complete liquidation of the REIT, such distributions would be taxable under Code Sec.