In countries that do not maintain the rank of Brigadier General, including much of Eastern Europe, Major General normally serves as the lowest General Officer rank.Brigadier General (sometimes known as a one-star general from the United States insignia) is the lowest rank of general officer in some countries, usually ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General.The rank of General began appearing around the time of the organization of professional armies in the 17th century.At first, it was added as an adjective to existing names of ranks, yielding Colonel General, Captain General, Lieutenant General and Sergeant Major General.In most nations, the various grades of General are at the top of the rank structure; but some countries have even higher ranks such as Field Marshal or Marshal.MILITARY OFFICERS (O-1 thur O-10) - UNITED STATES AIR FORCE "General Officer", often referred to less formally and imprecisely as "General", refers to a military officer who holds any rank grade of General. OFFICER RANK INSIGNIA FOR US MILITARY - Air Force, Army, Marines And Navy A General, without prefix or suffix (and sometimes referred to informally as a "full general"), is usually the most senior general officer rank, above Lieutenant General.
Major is a military rank denoting an officer of mid-level command status.
It is usually immediately superior to the rank of Captain and immediately subordinate to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.
In most comparative military scales a Major is ranked as a "Level 4" (O-4) officer although some systems (among them the NATO rank codes) list a Major as a Level 3.
Hap Arnold was a pioneer airman who was taught to fly by the Wright Brothers, and commander of Army Air Forces in victory over Germany and Japan in World War II: born Gladwyne, Pa., June 25, 1886, died Sonoma, Calif., Jan. "Hap" Arnold, as he was fondly known and called, dating from his early days at West Point, was in the class of 1907 at the U. Three years later, by act of Congress, he received permanent five-star rank as general of the Air Force, the first such commission ever granted.
From then on his life paralleled the growth of America's air power and he personally contributed to most of the major milestones of development during the long period until he retired in 1946.
It is derived from the older rank of Sergeant Major General.